In criminal justice we look at the relationships between different parts of criminal justice systems, aims and objectives of the criminal process, limitations on powers of the State to collect and present evidence and the need to ensure correct determinations in ways that are compliant with human rights. To this end The Network engages in extensive research on various aspects of criminal justice – interfaces of the police with suspects; responsibilities of the prosecutors and judges towards criminal defendants, victims and witnesses; treatment of cases and defendants in the best possible way and the State’s attitude and approaches to correctional facilities for the convicted; and incarceration and non-incarceration-based justice solutions. The Network’s work on governance and macro-operational frameworks includes research on the overarching regulation and management of police, prosecution and judicial institutions. Its work on operational aspects of criminal justice system (CJS) institutions includes improving efficiencies and effectiveness through enhanced use of technology, better business processes and standard operating procedures.
In addition, The Network lays special emphasis on the rigorous critical examination of special laws with greater potential bearing on citizen rights, such as the anti-terrorism laws and criminal offences carrying the maximum penalty. Substantive criminal law, criminal legal procedure, the law of evidence, the interplay between criminal law and the law of torts, and compensatory remedies for victims of crime are additional areas of on-going research for The Network. Finally crime and criminality are examined not just as legal categories but indeed also as sociological phenomena and classifications of both public morality as well as public policy – thus The Network’s research is open to and enriched by a variety of intellectual discourses and policy debates on this rich theme.